I want to talk to you just a lit­tle bit about how the sci­ence of racism, how racism actu­al­ly func­tions, can bring a lit­tle bit of hope to these dif­fi­cult issues, with­out even need­ing to be espe­cial­ly polit­i­cal. And bet­ter than that, how the sci­ence of racism can lead to some action­able solu­tions to these seem­ing­ly impos­si­ble problems.